Sunday, January 19, 2020
Risk and Quality Management Assessment Summary Kelly Hennessey HCS/451 02/18/2012 Lauri Rose Risk and Quality Management Assessment Summary Evergreen Woods health and rehabilitation center is located in Spring Hill Florida. The center has been serving Hernando County for over 25 years. Services that the center offers are: Post-acute services, Rehabilitative services, skilled nursing, Short and long term care through physical, occupational and speech therapists. The mission of Evergreen Woods health and rehabilitation center is to provide comprehensive services to meet the care of the residents and patients.They strive to meet customer satisfaction daily and follow core values to obtain excellence in care. Risk management serves to protect patients and staff members by reducing medical errors, remaining up to date with state and federal regulations. As well risk management protects staff and patients by eliminating hazards within the organization. Quality management serves the purpose to ensure that patients are receiving the best care available. In the organization Evergreen Woods risk and quality management plays the same role as it does in any other health care organization.Being that this center is an in-patient facility serving many different patients with many different health issues there are many different risks involved in the daily operation of the organization. Key concepts of risk and quality management within Evergreen Woods rehab while are undefined to the public it is noticeable to any person that is involved in the organization whether it be a patient, family member or a staff member. The organization takes steps daily to ensure the safety and wellbeing of every person that walks in their doors.The doctors and nurses take extra steps to make sure that the residents and their family is comfortable with the choice they made in selecting them. The keep patients and families up to date on all issues that are transpiring with the patient whether it is health related or financial. The staff stays up to date on all regulations both state and federal to ensure the best quality of care is being received. The organization maintains a clean and hazard free environment. Steps that the organization can take to identify and manage their risks are Proper documentation, risk assessments and proper training of staff members.In order to manage the risk of medical errors the organization should make sure that all staff members are documenting the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s charts in the proper legal manner. As well the management should be making sure that there are properly documenting all information pertaining to the employees such attendance and job performance. Using risk assessments can keep the organization from ruling into issues concerning safety and financial risks. Performing assessments will allow management to see where forms of risk fall and what kind of risks is a possibility for the organization.After performing risk assessments the org anization can then develop plans to minimize risk and maintain a safe efficiently running organization. Typical risks in a long term care facility such as Evergreen woods would be patient fall risk, injury to staff and patients due to improper transferring and financial risk due to insurance issues for both the organization and the patient. Since many patients in long term care facilities are ones that have mobility issues there is always a risk of falling which can further injure the patient.It is important for staff to make sure that the patient is labeled a fall risk and that necessary precautions are made to ensure the patients safety. Using items such as safety belts in wheelchairs and during therapy sessions can eliminate this risk. Another risk would be injury to staff and patients due to improper lifting, while this does not seem like something that is too difficult to do it is. Lifting a person with limited or no mobility can be very difficult for both the staff and the pat ient. There is a proper way to lift a patient and any and all staff members should be properly trained before being allowed to perform this task.The last risk would be financial issues due to insurance issues. Ã¢â¬Å"Of 10 million Americans nearly 7 million of them being over 65 rely on some level of assisted careÃ¢â¬ (Weston 2012). This number does not include the number of people that are under the age of 65. Many people that rely on long term care live on disability or social security. These people are living on extremely limited income put them and their families in mental distress trying to figure out how to pay for the needed care. Ã¢â¬Å"Medicare provides only 100 days of care following hospitalizationÃ¢â¬ (Weston 2012).After the 100 days it then becomes the responsibility of the patient to either pay out of their pocket or use a supplemental insurance. For many this is an issue as they do not have any other insurance nor do they have the finances to afford this care on their own. With patients under Medicaid insurance there is still an issue Ã¢â¬Å"Medicaid provides long term care, but only after a patient has deplete his/her financesÃ¢â¬ (Weston 2012). So how does this affect the organization itself, now with lack of insurance you run the risk of not being paid for services already rendered.The other risk involved is that if a patient is unable to pay for the care themselves then they have to resort to other means of care, now the organization has empty beds. Empty beds mean that there is not a high need for staff members resulting in layoffs. All of these risks can in fact the quality negatively. The lack of funds causes the staff to not always give the best care to each patient. Injury to staff can cause the staff to become nervous when it comes to lifting patients as well it can make the patients not want to be lift in fear of being hurt cause them to lay for longer periods of time then they should.Any and all accidently injuries to a pati ent can in fact be seen as neglect by family members and could cause serious legal issues for all staff of the organization. While there are many internal and external risk in this organization the biggest risks internally would be lack of staff involvement, lack of funding and poor risk management. The care received by patients relies strongly on the doctors and nurses employed by the organization. If the staff is afraid or care not to voice their opinions and concerns this can cause a lack of quality care.When the staff does not feel that their needs matter they tend to not try their best this often leads to medical errors. Lack of funding to the organization cause the organization to cut corners, this in return hinders the care that the organization can give to patients. Funding is a big part of how an organization runs daily. If funding is low then the organization cannot hire top nurses and doctors nor can they provide state of the art equipment. Poor risk management is probabl y one of the most important.Without excellent risk management the organization puts not only the organizations name but the staff and patients in danger of physical and medical harm. As well poor risk management can bring legal problems to the organization. External risks that influence quality would be impact of regulations, Changes in insurance, Society changes. As the regulations change through the years it will begin to make the way that long term care facilities run. They will need to stay on top of the regulations as well as stay on top of the staff to make sure that they understand the impact that errors can cause. Nursing homes incur costs when they are required to make changes to comply with the regulationsÃ¢â¬ (Walshe n. a). Interference from the insurance company on what will and will not be covered will also cause problems with the care that is received by patients. As society changes the need for long term care will change, the needs now will not necessarily be the n eeds in 10 years. As changes occur within research we will see a big change in treatment this will in return call for more training as well as equipment changes. The organization Evergreen woods works daily to achieve goals within the organization.Their short term goals are excellent daily care of patients. This goal not only touches the health aspect of the patient but also the emotional health of a patient. While staying on top of each and every patientÃ¢â¬â¢s health issues they make time to check on each patient on a personal level. The organization strives to make sure that the families of the patients are happy with the care that the patient is receiving. For patients that are there rehab from an injury their short term goal is to get the patient well enough to go home and continue without patient treatment.Long term goals for the organization is to continue to be a leader in rehab services, to continue to serve the community with quality trusted care. In order to ensure qual ity care the three policies that the organization should put into effect would be monthly risk assessments, monthly staff training and patient surveys. All of these policies would help ensure that the organization is doing everything that they possible can do to provide excellent quality care. Risk management and quality management have a strong relationship with each other.Without risk management there would be no quality care, and without excellent quality there would be risks everywhere in an organization. In order for an organization to run properly and provide all the patients with the care they deserve they have to have strong risk and quality management. References: http://content. healthaffairs. org/content/20/6/128. full A guideline for quality accreditation in hospitals. Quality Digest. Agarwal, R. (2010, May 19). www. http://evergreenwoodshealthandrehab. com/
Posted by k at 9:14 AM
Saturday, January 11, 2020
Europass Curriculum Vitae Personal information First name(s) / Surname(s) Address(es) Telephone(s) E-mail Nationality Date of birth Daniele MARIANI Via Augusto Sindici, 5 Ã¢â¬â 00155 Roma +39 062288549 [emailÃ protected] it Italian 20 SETTEMBRE 1985 Mobile: +39 3426467377 Work experience Dates Occupation or position held Name and address of employer Type of business or sector 2005 leaflets Gruppo Interclub Ã¢â¬â Via Plinio 44 Ã¢â¬â ROMA SRL Education and trainingDates Title of qualification awarded Principal subjects/occupational skills covered December 2009 Ã¢â¬â February 26, 2013 Degree in Electronic Engineering (Vote 99/110) Course of study lasting two years, with in-depth professional training in specific fields Electronics Engineering with specialization in Optoelectronics, with main subjects Electronics for Photovoltaics, Optoelectronics, Nano-electronics, Organic Organic Electronics, Electronic high-frequency electronics space , electronic devices and sensors Tit le of the thesis (field of nanoelectronics): Ã¢â¬Å"Electron-phonon interaction in nanoelectronic devicesÃ¢â¬ Supervisor: prof.Alessandro Pecchia Should you wish to check my references, please contact the following people Prof. Alessandro Pecchia Ã¢â¬â University of Rome Tor Vergata Email: [emailÃ protected] uniroma2. it University of Rome Tor Vergata Ã¢â¬â Course in Electronic Engineering Degree Level 2 Name and type of organisation providing education and training Level in national or international classification Dates Title of qualification awardedOctober 2004 Ã¢â¬â November 26, 2009 Degree in Electronic Engineering (Vote 89/110) Page 1/2 Ã¢â¬â Curriculum vitae of MARIANI Daniele For more information on Europass go to http://europass. cedefop. europa. eu Ã © European Communities, 2003 20060628 Principal subjects/occupational skills covered Three year course in Electronic Engineering. Thesis title: Ã¢â¬Å"Verification and validation of a control system of railway vehicles nosingÃ¢â¬ Supervisor: prof. Giuseppe Fazio.Supervisor: Ing. Danilo Longo. Collaboration with the company RFI (Italian Railway Network SpA) for the provision of data for the development of the thesis University of Rome Tor Vergata Ã¢â¬â Course in Electronic Engineering Degree Level 1 September 1999 Ã¢â¬â July 2004 Scientific maturity (Vote 92/100) Ã¢â¬â High School Diploma Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Literature, English, Computer During the school years I have represented my school at the Olympics in MathematicsName and type of organisation providing education and training Level in national or international classification Dates Title of qualification awarded Principal subjects/occupational skills covered Name and type of organisation providing ITIS Giovanni Giorgi Ã¢â¬â High School for Science and Technology Ã¢â¬â ROME education and training During secondary school characterized, compared to traditional high school science, lack of education Latin re placed by Ã¢â¬Ëcomputer. Other language(s) Mother tongue Self-assessment European level (*) Italian UnderstandingListening A2 Elementary level B1 Reading Intermediate Speaking Spoken interaction Spoken production A2 Elementary level A2 Elementary level B1 Writing Intermediate English (*) Common European Framework of Reference for Languages Social skills and competences Ability to work in a team gained during my college career: the relationship with other graduates has always been of profound respect and full co-operation with maximum availability and to give than to receive explanations, in a perspective of teamwork. From my thesis supervisor was profound for my work.Good ability to communicate effectively, by formulating judgments independently, contributing innovative design may Full cooperation in the management of activities and projects, according to the deadlines and targets. The main goal is customer satisfaction. WORD, POWER POINT, EXCEL (MICROSOFT OFFICE SUITE). Software: PARAVIEW, TIBERCAD (for the simulation of modern nanotechnology and optoelectronics) and basics of MATLAB (in the context of the thesis) Browser: IE, FIREFOX, CHROME Programming languages: C + + (basics) FORTRAN 95 (basics) Programs for data manipulation and plotting graphs: XMGRACE, VEUSZOrganisational skills and competences Technical skills ,Computer skills and competences Driving licence License category Ã¢â¬Å"BÃ¢â¬ secondary schools Additional information During the degree course, in his spare time I have given tuition in mathematics for students of I authorize the processing of personal data pursuant to Legislative lgs. 196/03 Page 2/2 Ã¢â¬â Curriculum vitae of MARIANI Daniele For more information on Europass go to http://europass. cedefop. europa. eu Ã © European Communities, 2003 20060628
Posted by k at 5:37 AM
Friday, January 3, 2020
Introduction The debate over homework has become a controversial one throughout the years. Most of the general population is on the uprise to stop homework, while education providers try to endure its existence. While the general population see homework as a burden and unnecessary, the real idea of homework creates an obvious path of success. Part of that path to success is do to the instructors use of homework in the correct manner. While the other path, is the completion and practice a student puts forth for the understanding of the topic at hand. We create the sense of, why homework? Previous research has helped show a usefulness of homework throughout our education system (e.g. Kenny, 2013; Marzano, 2007; Jorgenson, 2013; Griffith, 2013; Dejka, 2014). While research has been conducted, there is never one concise choice that everyone can agree with. That is why the topic of homework is of such high debate. The idea of homework, though, gives us the opportunity to expand our learning and prepar ing us for what lies ahead. Background When thinking of homework, we think of the standard definition, Ã¢â¬Å"schoolwork that student is required to do at home.Ã¢â¬ Homework being bad is associated in every studentÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. Our thinking involves that the teacher is just giving us busy work. In truth, the first definition is vague compared to the true meaning of the term. A more concise description of homework includes, Ã¢â¬Å"work or study done in preparation for a certain event or situation.Ã¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Homework On My Public School Education880 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespublic school education, I recall traipsing home from school with elation. Finally, I was free from sitting, thinking, and working! Then, my mother would inquire about homework and my evening would go up in proverbial flames. Today, homework continues to be a topic of heated debate. Some believe that homework reinforces what students learn at school while others protest that the amount of work drags students down. So, what action are schools and teachers taking for or against homework? Before everyoneRead MoreEssay on The Correlation Between Homework and Academic Success 1524 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescorrelation between homework and academic success with many opposing views. Research has shown that homework can be linked to better grades, improved standardized test scores, and more prepared students entering the post-secondary arena; however, this correlation is weak and the opposition has equal ammunition to support that there is no correlation between homework and academic success. There have been movements to abolish homework as well as movements to increase homework. Research has beenRead MoreWhy Homework May Be Bad1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPlantin Dr. Shelley Wick ENC 1102 May 4th, 2016 Why Homework May Be Bad Students all across the country are suffering from the same dilemma, homework! It may not be seen as a dilemma or even a problem but rather as something helpful to the learning process. From a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view, however, homework is one of the top causes of stress throughout high school. With the expectation to take about 6 to 7 classes a day, the amount of homework each teacher assigns starts to pile up and the workloadRead MoreEssay on Homework Performance: A Review of the Literature1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHomework Performance: A Review of the Literature Homework has, traditionally, been considered an important part of a quality education. Recent studies have begun to raise questions as to the validity of this school of thought. (Cooper, 2006) For the purpose of my action research project, homework is recognized as an important component in a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s education experience. I have recently observed a problem with some of the students in my 3rd grade class not completing and turning in homework assignmentsRead MoreImportance Of Homework In Education1565 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1301 Prof. Stacey Said Homework: Essential to the Student Homework is a very vital aspect of our education system that has been used for centuries. Homework is, Ã¢â¬Å"work or study done in preparation for a certain event or situationÃ¢â¬ (Webster). There is no better way to teach a student discipline, studiousness and diligence than through assigning homework. Homework was first assigned by an Italian schoolteacher by the name of Roberto Nevilis in the year 1095. Formal education was making its first appearanceRead MoreArgumentative Essay On Homework Should Be Banned1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWeÃ¢â¬â¢ve all been there, get home and start that nightÃ¢â¬â¢s homework right away. I work for two hours and itÃ¢â¬â¢s time for dinner so I take a 30 minute break and then resume homework. Finally the homework is finished and itÃ¢â¬â¢s nine oÃ¢â¬â¢clock before I have even showered, get ready for the next day, or just relax. This is all assuming that there are no sports that day or that you have a social life. With all the schools looking to push start times back an hour or two we go to sleep later that much later and stillRead MoreThe Pressure in Todays High Schools1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Education is not the filling of a vessel, but the kindling of a flame.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âSocrates (Secret). Unfortunately, many school systems, today, are not following SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ advice. Many teachers have forgotten what learning is all about, and as students mindlessly memorize facts and figures, the only flame being kindled is their burning hatred towards school. Students stress about grades and believe that their self-worth is defined by their GPA. As they struggle under never-ending piles of homework and standardizedRead MoreBenefits Of Assigning Homework1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesor not homework should be assigned within the school system. Are there benefits to assigning homework, or is the purpose of homework being defeated? The different sections will examine the benefits of homework, reasons why homework is n ot beneficial and personal opinions on homework. Benefits of Assigning Homework Assigning homework has been an ongoing debate for many years. Is homework helpful or is it a waste of time for students? Are there positive benefits or only negative effects from homeworkRead MoreThe Effects Of Homework On Students Lives Outside Of School1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageson sleep to do the things they need to do. As these tasks are quite time consuming, students state that homework is the most out of all the unpaid activities they do throughout the day, as 60% complete 2 hours and 20 minutes on average each day (CBC news, 2007). The amount of homework students receive on average daily has greatly increased in the past 15 years, which concerns parents. Homework interferes with studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ lives outside of school, a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s overall health, and consumes countless hoursRead More How Effective is Homework as a Learning Resource? Essay781 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIs Homework Effective In Learning? Homework efficiency and effectiveness has been a long debated topic. Many people view it as important keystone to reinforce learning, while others think it is only busy work that interferes with activities at home. One article gives an example of how homework is debated, Ã¢â¬Å"During the first few decades of the 20th century, educators commonly believed that homework helped create disciplined minds . . . by 1940, growing concern that homework interfered with home activities
Posted by k at 2:00 AM
Wednesday, December 25, 2019
Computer programming pioneer Grace Murray Hopper was born on December 9, 1906, in New York City. Her childhood and early years contributed to her brilliant career but also showed how she was a typical kid in many ways. She was the oldest of three children. Her sister Mary was three years younger and her brother Roger was five years younger than Grace. She fondly recalled the happy summers playing typical childhood games together at a cottage on Lake Wentworth in Wolfeboro, New Hampshire. Still, she thought that she took the blame too often for mischief the children and their cousins got into on vacation. Once, she lost her swimming privileges for a week for instigating them to climb a tree. Besides playing outdoors, she also learned crafts such as needlepoint and cross-stitch. She enjoyed reading and learned to play the piano. Hopper liked to tinker with gadgets and find out how they worked. At age seven she was curious about how her alarm clocked worked. But when she took it apart, she was unable to put it back together. She continued taking apart seven alarm clocks, to the displeasure of her mother, who limited her to taking apart just one. Math Talent Runs in the Family Her father, Walter Fletcher Murray, and paternal grandfather were insurance brokers, a profession which makes use of statistics. Graces mother, Mary Campbell Van Horne Murray, loved math and went along on surveying trips with her father, John Van Horne, who was a senior civil engineer for the city of New York. While it wasnt proper at that time for a young lady to take an interest in math, she was allowed to study geometry but not algebra or trigonometry. It was acceptable to use math to keep household finances in order, but that was all. Mary learned to understand the familys finances because feared her husband would die from his health problems. He lived to be 75. Father Encourages Education Hopper credited her father for encouraging her to step beyond the usual feminine role, have ambition and get a good education. He wanted his girls to have the same opportunities as his boy. He wanted them to be self-sufficient since he wouldnt be able to leave them much of an inheritance. Grace Murray Hopper attendedÃ private schools in New York City where the curriculum focused on teaching girls to be ladies. However, she was still able to play sports at school, including basketball, field hockey, and water polo. She wanted to enter Vassar College at age 16 but failed the Latin exam, She had to be a boarding student for a year until she was able to enter Vassar at age 17 in 1923. Entering the Navy Hopper was considered too old, at age 34, to join the military after the attack on Pearl Harbor that brought the United States into World War II. But as a mathematics professor, her skills were a critical need for the military. While Navy officials said she should serve as a civilian, she was determined to enlist. She took a leave of absence from her teaching position at Vassar and had to get a waiver because she was underweight for her height. With her determination, she was sworn into the U.S. Navy Reserve in December 1943. She would serve for 43 years. Her younger years shaped her path to the computer programming legacy for which she is famous. Later in life, after her time in the Navy, she invented the Mark I Computer with Howard Aiken. Her early math talent, her education, and her Navy experience all played a role in her eventual career. Source and Further Reading Elizabeth Dickason, Remembering Grace Murray Hopper: A Legend in Her Own Time, The Department of the Navy Information Technology Magazine, 27 June 2011.
Posted by k at 10:24 PM
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
No one would have ever predicted that Donald Trump would win the 2016 Presidential Election. No one would have ever believed that a person as racist, sexist, homophobic, and transphobic as Donald Trump would ever be allowed to get as near as he did to the White HouseÃ¢â¬âbut he did. Now, we all find ourselves justifiably concerned for not only our own well being, but also of the well being of other groups that have been targeted time and time again, not only by Donald Trump himself, but also by the entire Republican platform. While it is well known that some of the groups who have fallen victim of endless discrimination include racial and ethnic minorities via the constant threat of deportation and/or policies that allow for racial profiling, other groups include the LBGTQ community. However, according to the article, Ã¢â¬Å"President Trump is a disaster for transgender peopleÃ¢â¬ written by Samantha Allen, given the fact that both Trump and his Vice President, Mike Pence, appe ar to favor the Religious Freedom Act, repealing Obama Care, and allowing HIV preventative inaction, I argue, and with great reason, that those who will be severely targeted and affected by their political and religious stances will be the entire transgender and transsexual communityÃ¢â¬âa fear that I once assumed was a thing of the past. Along with building up a wall around the Mexico-US border, Trump is also quite famously known for promising to repeal Obama Care, as he argues that it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t work. While this aloneShow MoreRelatedThe First 100 Days In The White House Are Always A Tell1730 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages100 days in the White House are always a tell tale sign of what kind of president the United States would have for the next four years. President Donald TrumpÃ¢â¬â¢s 100 days in office could be seen as very successful to some and very concerning for others. However, President Trump is made sure in his first 100 days that he owned up to all of the promises he made to Americans all around the country during election tours. While Trump was campaigning during the election he made it very clear that he was noRead MoreMinimum Wage Should Be Legal1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslegal fight over Trans rights and bathroom access (July 14, 2016) http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/transgender-bathroom_us_57869ceee4b0867123df7887 The debate over the rights of transgender students and bathrooms has reached the Supreme Court. An emergency application was presented by the Gloucester County School Board in Virginia, which was order by a federal judge on behalf of a transgender student who was denied access to a bathroom. The U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that the federal anti-discriminationRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesSociology 14 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Anthropology 14 There Are Few Absolutes in OB 14 Challenges and Opportunities for OB 15 Responding to Economic Pressures 15 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Responding to Globalization 16 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Managing Workforce Diversity 18 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Improving Customer Service 18 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Improving People Skills 19 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Stimulating Innovation and Change 20 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Coping with Ã¢â¬Å"TemporarinessÃ¢â¬ 20 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Working in Networked Organizations 20 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Helping Employees Balance WorkÃ¢â¬âLife Conflicts 21 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Creating a Positive Work Environment 22 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Improving Ethical Behavior 22
Posted by k at 6:14 PM
Monday, December 9, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Benchmark Scalability Distributed Database? Answer: Introduction The process of replication in the database involves copying of the files at variable sources so that availability of the data is maintained at all times. However, either a fragment or a relation can be replicated at one site. The main benefits of this system are that the system can continue to operate for as long as one site involving the data is running (Coronel Morris, 2016). In addition, it can also be used to make the retrieval of the data very easy and makes it very reliable and easy to perform the work concerned. It can also be used to reflect the organizations structure of the concerned company. Lastly, the use of the distributed database can also help the various organizational centers to achieve local or site related autonomy which will be helpful in controlling the data. The first problem related to the replication procedure is that whenever a copy of the file is modified, it becomes difficult to perform similar operations. This reduces the consistency of the file which leads to the reduction in efficiency of the process. The continuous consistency is modified where deviation in the numerical values are observed between the replicas. The next disadvantage is the security of the system (Liu zsu, 2018). The data file that has been replicated needs to be made secure such that the availability of it is confirmed. Lastly, the time taken for replicating the data can be very high which depends on the size of the file to be replicated. Such activities can lead to massive downtime of the system which will ultimately result in reduction of business processes. For deciding the need for fragmentation, there are two different considerations that are always considered. These are the quantitative information and the qualitative information. The quantitative information is those data which denotes the quantity of the records. Similarly, the qualitative information denotes the quality of the data. The frequency related to the number of queries, site of the query, and the selectivity of the queries is termed as quantitative information. In addition, the types of data and the type of operation i.e. read or write operations are termed as the qualitative information (Abadi, Madden Lindner, 2016). This information is necessary for deciding the requirement of fragmentation. Along with this, the partitioning of identifiers also helps on denoting the type of fragmentation to be followed. In case, portioning of relations with tuples are involved, then horizontal fragmentation is required. Similarly, if partitioning of relations with attributes is involv ed, then vertical fragmentation is adopted. The use of allocation designs are mainly utilized for denoting the storage of the fragments on the respective sites needed. There can be two different fragment storage options. These can be centralized or partitioned. In case of the centralized allocation design, the requirements include the allocation of a single database and a database management system at one of the site required (Bailis et al., 2014). The users of the system will be distributed across various sites related to the system. Another allocation design is the partitioned database design. In case of this design system, the database is made to be partitioned to form various disjointed fragments where each one of these fragments will be assigned to one specific site. Lastly, there is some other information that is considered for allocation design of a fragment. These include the database related information, application based information, and site based information and the network information. There are various considerations that are followed while adopting the design considerations of the replicated aspects. The first consideration is the selection of the fragments that will be stored as various copies. There are two different types of replications processes and depending on them, the design considerations are adopted (Cellary, Morzy Gelenbe, 2014). These are the complete replication and the selective replication. For the complete replication process, a whole copy of the system database will be maintained at each of the sites concerned. Similarly, for selective replication process, selective number of fragments will be replicated at each of the sites concerned. Another consideration that is adopted is the numerical value of the probability. If the ratio of the read only query and the updated queries are greater or equal to one, then the process of replication is considered to be beneficial, else it might pose problems in the process. The design strategies of a distributed database involves considering the three aspects of the database, fragmentation, allocation and replication. These three aspects are always related to each other either by following the bottom-up approach or the top-down approach. According to the distributed database design specifications, the fragmentation process is utilized to divide the information and database so that they can be shared on the sites (Widom, 2016). The next is the allocation processes where these fragmented aspects are allocated to the required sites. Lastly, the replication process involves replicating of the requirements such that they can then be copied for future reference. This is the main indications of the processes. In case of the diagram depicted above, the databases are fragmented to form the smaller components which are then allocated and replicated at the necessary sites required. For adopting horizontal fragmentation at the regional offices, various advantages and disadvantages exist. In this scenario, financial data from the regional offices are transferred to the headquarters. In this type of operations, the main advantage of this operation is that the speed of processing is much fast. In addition, in case of horizontal fragmentation, partitioning of relations with tuples is adopted. However, there are various disadvantages to these processes. In cases of this, emergency cases cannot be handled properly. If the server crashes, the lack of replication will make it hard to duplicate the data. As a result, the process of fragmenting will have to be started all over again which will lead to the consumption of resources and time (Foster Godbole, 2016). Although, the process of horizontal fragmentation is considered fast, the failures like server crash or network problems can lead to problems to be associated with data transfer. In this case, horizontal fragmentation at a geographical level is applied. This is followed by replication of the data. The system associated to it is considered to be very efficient. This is because fragmentation and replication is done on the same level. This helps in keeping the system effective and also helps in keeping efficiency in the functionality of the regional offices. The main advantage of this system is that the system can be successfully utilized in a geographical level owing to the increase in the business operations of the company involved. However, the main disadvantage of this system is that the need for a connection is required. In case of this scenario, the replicated data are successfully made so that they can be accessed from the various geographical locations (Kuhlenkamp, Klems Rss, 2014). However, the lack of network connection can make it difficult to sync the data. This will lead to un-controlled and un-coordinated business process and this is the main disadvantage of the system. In case of this scenario, horizontal fragmentations are applied. It can be seen that the horizontal fragmentation involves partitioning of relation with tuples. For this reason, it is faster in processing than the vertical fragmentation process. However, in case of this scenario, the replicated fragments are stored in then regional centers of the office. The main advantage of this type of application is that the requirements for maintaining the data are much less (Jukic, Vrbsky Nestorov, 2016). This is mainly because the connection to the regional offices is not required. As a result, the synchronization among the regional offices will be maintained effectively. However, the main disadvantage is that the headquarter office of the concerned company will not be able to control the normal operations. This is mainly because the data from the regional office will be already used to operate upon without syncing with the headquarters (Coronel Morris, 2016). As such, the normal operation of the headquarters will lag behind the operation of the regional offices which will in turn lead to need for better and faster connection that will cause more acquisition of resources. In case of the vertical fragmentation processes, the partitioning of relations is done by considering the attributes of the database. In this scenario, the financial tables are considered in the headquarters and the other tables are considered in the regional offices. This process is effective and considered to be efficient which an advantage to the process is (Liu zsu, 2018). Another advantage is that the cost of achieving the fragmentation processes is also very low. This also reduces the need for allocating resources for this purpose. The main disadvantage is the need for replication of the data. This will be utilized in storing the data in all of the locations such that efficient operation can be handled and backup of the system is available at all times. Out of the entire discussed scenario, the vertical fragmentation adoption is considered to be effective. This is mainly because the fragmented data is efficient in adopting the business processes. For such global enterprises, this will be considered to be a great solution for business processes. This design for adopting distributed databases is termed to be effective for addressing the requirements of the organization. In this network, vertical fragmentation is applied and in this case, the replication of data is done when network is available. References Abadi, D., Madden, S., Lindner, W. (2016). Sensor Network Integration with Streaming Database Systems. InData Stream Management(pp. 409-428). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Bailis, P., Fekete, A., Franklin, M. J., Ghodsi, A., Hellerstein, J. M., Stoica, I. (2014). Coordination avoidance in database systems.Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment,8(3), 185-196. Cellary, W., Morzy, T., Gelenbe, E. (2014).Concurrency control in distributed database systems(Vol. 3). Elsevier. Connolly, T. M., Begg, C. E. (2005).Database systems: a practical approach to design, implementation, and management. Pearson Education. Coronel, C., Morris, S. (2016).Database systems: design, implementation, management. Cengage Learning. Faerber, F., Kemper, A., Larson, P. ., Levandoski, J., Neumann, T., Pavlo, A. (2017). Main Memory Database Systems.Foundations and Trends in Databases,8(1-2), 1-130. Foster, E. C., Godbole, S. (2016). Distributed database systems. InDatabase Systems(pp. 361-370). Apress, Berkeley, CA. Jukic, N., Vrbsky, S., Nestorov, S. (2016).Database systems: Introduction to databases and data warehouses. Prospect Press. Kuhlenkamp, J., Klems, M., Rss, O. (2014). Benchmarking scalability and elasticity of distributed database systems.Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment,7(12), 1219-1230. Liu, L., zsu, M. T. (2018).Encyclopedia of database systems. Springer. Widom, J. (2016, September). Research in database systems: Challenges, principles, prototypes, and results. InAdvances in ICT for Emerging Regions (ICTer), 2016 Sixteenth International Conference on(pp. 3-3). IEEE.
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Monday, December 2, 2019
A paper which discusses the pension systems of the EUs social-welfare states and the demographics of the 21st century. The paper discusses a looming problem for the European Union and its welfare states Denmark and Spain. He stresses the fact that, on the one hand, people are retiring at younger ages and living longer, and on the other hand there are fewer people to contribute to pension funds due to decreasing populations and the use of technology instead of labor. The paper examines the pension schemes and demographic trends of Denmark and Spain and gives an overview of the welfare state. As Spain moves into the twenty first century, many of its citizens are being forced to give up long-cherished traditional lifestyles to come to terms with new societal demands. Traditionally in Spain, the elderly have lived with their children. But several factors are combining to change that tradition. One of those factors is increasing educational levels for women. We will write a custom essay sample on Pensions and the Modern Welfare State: Denmark and Spain or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page As has been reported in numerous studies, as womens educational levels rise the number of children they have decreases. Todays Spanish women are entering the workforce, leaving them less able to take care of elderly relatives in the home.
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